‘Trafficking in Person’ refers to situations whereby people are coerced, threatened or deceived into exploitative situations, for instance prostitution. Human trafficking also known as Modern Slavery includes forced labour and sex trafficking. Palermo Protocol described compelled service ( forced labour) using a number of terms including: Slavery, or practices similar to Slavery; Debt Bondage and Involuntary Servitude.
On the other hand, Human Smuggling implies that a migrant voluntarily pays to circumvent immigration restrictions, without necessarily being a victim of deception or exploitation. It is often difficult to distinguish between what is voluntary and what is forced except in clear cases of Slavery.
Most atimes, we hear cases where the victims are being asked by friends and relatives to go and acquire Nigerian Standard Passport ( a.k.a International Passport) and also to make available a specified amount of money to aid there trip to the destination. The victims are often promised of a secured job when they get to their destination. Most times, on getting there, they ( the victims) realise that there are no jobs and when they are even provided with jobs, it would be on exploitative arrangements and agreements. Exploitative arrangements in the sense that the victims may be engaged while the proceeds of their labour would go to the Traffickers for an agreed number of years. Meanwhile in such circumstances, the Traffickers would seize the victim’s travel documents on getting to their destination pending when the agreed terms are met.
Human Traffickers employ so many tactics, the one mentioned above is only but one of them. You can share knowledge with us by commenting or writing us to educate people on dangers associated with IRREGULAR MIGRATION. Follow us on social media and help us to SHARE this piece for wider reach.