“Human Migration is the movement by people from one place to another with the INTENTION OF SETTLING, PERMANENTLY OR TEMPORARILY IN A NEW LOCATION. The movement is often over long distances and from one country to another, ……” – Wikipedia
Migrate to Nigeria is a resource center aimed at adding to the body of knowledge with regards to human migration and also to x-ray Nigeria Immigration Service, it’s duties and mandate. People (immigrants) migrate to another country due to countless reasons. Some immigrants move or are forced to move as a result of conflict, violence, human rights violations, to escape extreme weather or persecution and also for economic reasons. Economic migrants are generally individuals from developing countries migrating to obtain sufficient income for survival. Migration can be permanent, temporary, forced or voluntary. It can also be international or internal.
It is a pity that an average Nigerian cannot identify a Nigeria Immigration officer/personnel (even in full uniform), let alone know their duties. Many a time people whom are supposedly enlightened does not know the core duties of Nigeria Immigration Service aside issuance of Standard Nigeria Passport (popularly known as International or Ecowas passport). Foreigners that intend to migrate to Nigeria should also be informed of the duties of Nigeria Immigration Service (to avoid embarrassment and extortion from unscrupulous individuals).
Nigeria Immigration Service was carved out of Nigeria Police Force in the year 1958, but it was formally established by an Act of Parliament (CAP 171, laws of the Federal Republic of Nigeria) on the 1st of August, 1963). Nigeria Immigration Service was saddled with the responsibility for the issuance of all Nigeria travel documents. It’s main duties includes:
• Control of entry, exit of all persons entering and leaving Nigeria and monitoring of all Non-Nigerians in Nigeria;
• Implementation of Nigeria’s extant visa regime;
• Execution of deportation and repatriation orders;
• Manning all Nigeria’s border posts (Air, Land and Sea);
• Issuance and control of all travel documents;
• Implementation of various treaties (bilateral, multilateral entered into by Nigeria with other countries);
• Border patrol and surveillance.
The service has operational structure of seven (7) directorates; eight (8) zonal offices; thirty-six (36) state commands & federal capital territory; Immigration offices in the 774 local government areas and also at the major ports of entry/departure in Nigeria (eg Airports, Land borders and seaports). Nigeria Immigration also have attaches in SOME Nigerian embassies and consulates abroad. When next you see an Immigration Officer in your locality, don’t be surprised because foreigners could be anywhere.